Louis the Pious: Duties
of the Coloni, 817
C.13. As to the coloni, they either serve as serfs of the Church or make some kind of fixed payment: this is the agrarian tax according to the opinion of the steward. The steward sees to it that each gives according to what he has; out of thirty muids he gives three muids, and each pays pascuarium according to the custom of the district. He is to plough, sow, enclose, harvest, haul, and put away the crops from the regular enclosures---which are four ten-foot measuring rods in width and forty in length. He is to enclose, reap, gather, and put away one arpent in meadow. Every colonus ought to collect and put away corn to the value of a triens for seed. He is to plant, enclose, dig up, extend, prune, and collect the harvest of the vineyards. They each pay ten bundles of flax. Four hens they must pay also. They give palfreys or go where they are ordered. They do carriage service with a cart up to fifty leagues; to go further is not expected. They are assigned to the demesne houses, haylofts, farms; they have a reasonable amount of land for earning the tax, and when necessary they pay it in a lump sum.
From: J. P. Migne, Patrologiae Cursus Completus, (Paris, 1862), Vol. XCVII, p. 412, reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (New York: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), p. 28.
Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by Prof. Arkenberg.
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© Paul Halsall, September 1998